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Mastering Periodised Training: A Comprehensive Guide to Macrocycles, Mesocycles, and Microcycles

Periodised training is a strategic approach that revolves around the principles of overload and adaptation, enabling athletes to progressively build fitness by subjecting the body to stress, followed by adequate recovery. This training method involves three crucial cycles: macrocycles, mesocycles, and microcycles.


By grasping the concepts behind each cycle, athletes can optimise their annual training plan and achieve peak performance.


In this article, we’ll explore the theory of periodisation and provide example training sessions for novice, intermediate, and advanced athletes.

Table of Contents

Macrocycles - Planning for the Whole Season

The macrocycle represents the entire duration of an athlete’s season, encompassing all four stages of a periodised training program: endurance, intensity, competition, and recovery.


With a macrocycle spanning around 52 weeks, athletes can gain a comprehensive overview of their training regimen, allowing for long-term planning.


For instance, if an athlete aims to peak for a national championship in a year, they can work backwards from the event date to structure their training plan accordingly.

This approach also facilitates multiple fitness peaks by identifying several major events throughout the year.

Example Training Sessions:

  • Novice Cyclist: Endurance-focused macrocycle, consisting of gradual volume increases over several months, with a focus on building base fitness through consistent rides at moderate intensity.
  • Intermediate Runner: A macrocycle with emphasis on improving running speed and endurance, including interval training, tempo runs, and hill repeats during specific mesocycles.
  • Advanced Swimmer: A macrocycle designed to optimise race performance, incorporating periodised strength training, intense pool sessions, and specialised technique work.

Individualised Coaching

Working on growing your strengths and improving your weaknesses

Mesocycles - Targeted Training Blocks

Mesocycles are specific training blocks within the macrocycle, each with a defined goal.


For instance, during the endurance phase, a cyclist may engage in a mesocycle aimed at enhancing muscular endurance, involving six workouts over three weeks with one recovery week.


Similarly, the intensity phase could include a mesocycle focusing on improving functional threshold power (FTP) through three weeks of threshold intervals followed by a recovery week.

Example Training Sessions:

  • Novice Athlete: Endurance Phase Mesocycle with a focus on building muscular endurance through low to moderate-intensity workouts for three weeks, followed by a week of active recovery.
  • Intermediate Athlete: Intensity Phase Mesocycle aiming to improve FTP with high-intensity intervals and longer threshold efforts during three-week training blocks, followed by a week of rest or easy workouts.
  • Advanced Athlete: Competition Phase Mesocycle dedicated to developing neuromuscular power with a mix of short and long sprint interval workouts over three weeks, followed by a recovery week.

Event-Specific Programs

A Training Program focused on preparing you for the specific demands of your goal event

Microcycles - Fine-Tuning Training Weekly

Microcycles are the smallest training units within a mesocycle, usually lasting a week.


They provide a focused approach to training, such as an endurance block where a cyclist strings together three or four long rides in one week to increase training volume progressively.

Example Training Sessions:

  • Novice Runner: Endurance Microcycle with three days of easy-paced runs and two days of rest for a balanced training week.
  • Intermediate Swimmer: Intensity Microcycle consisting of two days of high-intensity swim sets, followed by two days of active recovery or easy swims.
  • Advanced Cyclist: Competition Microcycle including two days of race-simulation workouts and two days of active recovery rides.

Training Plans

Following a training plan can improve your chances of success by up to 100%


Mastering periodized training is essential for athletes aiming to reach their peak performance.


By understanding and incorporating macrocycles, mesocycles, and microcycles into their annual training plan, athletes can ensure optimal adaptation and progress throughout the season.


Remember, consistency and proper planning are key to achieving success in any periodized training program.


So, start applying these principles today and witness the transformative impact on your athletic performance.

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The Ultimate Guide to Open Water Swimming for Triathletes

Open water swimming is a vital and exhilarating component of triathlon training that can significantly impact your performance in the race.


In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into every aspect of open-water swimming, equipping you with the knowledge and skills needed to become a proficient and confident swimmer. From getting started and selecting the right gear to refining your technique and prioritising safety, this guide will cover it all.

Table of Contents

Getting Started: Choosing the Right Location

To embark on your open-water swimming journey, it is crucial to find a suitable and safe location to practice. Look for designated swimming areas such as lakes, reservoirs, or beaches with lifeguards present. Before heading out, check the water temperature, weather conditions, and currents to ensure you are well-prepared for the environment you’ll encounter.


It’s important to assess your swimming abilities and experience before venturing into open water. If you lack confidence or proficiency, consider taking swimming lessons or honing your skills in a pool setting before transitioning to the open water.

Essential Gear: Equip Yourself for Success

Before diving into the open water, it’s essential to gather the necessary gear that will enhance your swimming experience. Here are the essentials:


Investing in a well-fitted wetsuit is crucial for open-water swimming. Apart from providing warmth in colder waters, a wetsuit offers buoyancy and increased efficiency in the water. Look for a wetsuit that allows freedom of movement without being overly restrictive.


Choose a high-quality pair of goggles that fit comfortably and offer clear vision underwater. Anti-fog lenses are recommended to prevent fogging and ensure optimal visibility throughout your swim. Consider having a spare pair of goggles on hand in case of any mishaps.

Swim Cap

Wearing a swim cap offers multiple benefits during open-water swimming. It keeps your hair out of your face, improves hydrodynamics by reducing drag, and makes you more visible to fellow swimmers and boaters. Additionally, a swim cap helps protect your hair from the potentially damaging effects of chlorine and saltwater.

In addition to these essentials, you may also want to consider other gear such as a swim buoy, which provides added visibility and flotation.

Technique: Mastering the Open Water Swim

Open water swimming requires different techniques compared to pool swimming due to various environmental factors such as waves, currents, and sighting. To enhance your open-water swim technique, consider the following tips:

Bilateral Breathing

Practising bilateral breathing, which involves breathing on both sides, improves your ability to navigate through choppy waters and reduces the risk of injury. It also helps you maintain a balanced stroke and rhythm throughout your swim.

Regular Sighting

Lifting your head every few strokes to sight your surroundings is crucial for swimming in the right direction. Regular sighting prevents you from drifting off course, enabling you to swim efficiently and conserve energy.


Learning to effectively draft, or swim behind another swimmer, can significantly reduce energy expenditure and increase your overall speed. By positioning yourself strategically, you can take advantage of the reduced drag created by the leading swimmer and conserve valuable energy for other portions of the triathlon.


Apart from these techniques, focus on maintaining proper body positioning, optimizing stroke mechanics, and mastering pacing. Working with a coach or experienced swimmer can provide valuable guidance in refining your technique and enhancing your overall performance.

Safety: Prioritising Your Well-being

While open-water swimming is thrilling, it’s important to prioritize safety. Take the following precautions to ensure a safe swimming experience:

Swim with a Buddy

Always swim with a partner, maintaining visual contact throughout your swim. Having a swim buddy not only enhances motivation but also provides support and safety in case of an emergency.

Know Your Limits

Listen to your body and avoid overexertion. If you feel fatigued or experience cramps, take a break and allow yourself to recover. Open water swimming can be physically demanding, so pacing yourself is crucial for a successful and safe swim.

Enhance Visibility

Wear bright-coloured swim gear or consider using a swim buoy to increase your visibility to other swimmers and boaters. Being easily visible minimizes the risk of collisions and accidents during your open-water swim.

Additionally, stay aware of your surroundings and potential hazards such as marine life, strong currents, and adverse weather conditions. Regularly check weather forecasts and water conditions, and never swim alone or in unsafe areas.


Open-water swimming presents unique challenges and rewards for triathletes.


By selecting the appropriate gear, refining your technique, and prioritising safety, you can become a confident and proficient open-water swimmer.


Consistent practice and seeking guidance from experienced swimmers or coaches will further enhance your performance.


Embrace the journey of open water swimming, and enjoy the exhilarating experience it brings to your triathlon endeavours.

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Triathlon Swim Workouts for Beginners: Improve Your Performance

Triathlon swimming can be a daunting challenge for beginners, but with the right swim workouts, you can enhance your performance and build the necessary skills to conquer the open water.


In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with expert tips and a range of triathlon swim workouts specifically designed for beginners.


Whether you are aiming to complete your first triathlon or simply want to improve your swimming abilities, this article will equip you with the knowledge and training routines to excel in the water.

Table of Contents

Why Triathlon Swim Workouts Matter

Triathlon swim workouts are essential for several reasons. Not only do they help you develop the necessary swimming technique and endurance, but they also simulate race-like conditions, preparing you mentally for the challenges of open-water swimming.


By incorporating structured workouts into your training regimen, you can optimise your performance, enhance your cardiovascular fitness, and build confidence in the water.

Getting Started: Essential Swim Gear

Before diving into the triathlon swim workouts, it’s important to ensure you have the right gear. Here are some essential items you’ll need:

1. Swim Cap

A swim cap helps reduce drag and keeps your hair out of your face while swimming. It also adds an extra layer of insulation, keeping your head warm in colder water.

2. Goggles

Invest in a good pair of goggles that fit comfortably and provide clear vision underwater. Anti-fog lenses are recommended to prevent fogging during your workouts.

3. SwimSuit

Choose a well-fitting, streamlined swimsuit that allows for freedom of movement. Opt for a one-piece suit for ladies or “jammers” for men, as they offer reduced drag compared to baggy swim trunks.

4. Wetsuit (optional)

In open-water triathlons, wetsuits are often permitted. They provide buoyancy and insulation, enhancing your performance and keeping you warm. Make sure to check the specific rules and regulations of your race before purchasing a wetsuit.

Triathlon Swim Workouts for Beginners

Warm-Up: Technique and Mobility

Before diving into the main sets, a thorough warm-up is crucial. It prepares your body for the upcoming workout and helps prevent injuries. Here’s a warm-up routine to get you started:

  1. Arm Swings – Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. Swing your arms back and forth, gradually increasing the range of motion. Perform 10 swings forward and 10 swings backwards.
  2. Shoulder Rolls – Stand tall with your arms relaxed at your sides. Roll your shoulders forward in a circular motion for 10 repetitions, then reverse the direction for another 10 repetitions.
  3. Neck Rotations – Gently rotate your neck in clockwise and counterclockwise circles, aiming for a full range of motion. Perform 5 rotations in each direction.
  4. High Knees – Jog in place while lifting your knees up towards your chest. Continue for 1 minute to elevate your heart rate and warm up your leg muscles.
  5. Arm Circles – Extend your arms out to the sides at shoulder height. Make small circles with your arms, gradually increasing the size. Perform 10 circles forward and 10 circles backwards.

Main Sets: Building Endurance and Technique

The main sets of your triathlon swim workouts focus on improving endurance and refining your swim technique. Incorporate these workouts into your training routine:

  1. Distance Swim – Swim continuously for a predetermined distance, such as 200 meters or 400 meters. Focus on maintaining a steady pace and smooth stroke technique throughout the swim.
  2. Interval Training – Divide your swim into intervals, alternating between fast-paced swimming and recovery periods. For example, swim 100 meters at a challenging pace, followed by 30 seconds of easy swimming to recover. Repeat this cycle for a total of 10 sets.
  3. Drills – Incorporate specific drills to improve different aspects of your swim technique. Examples include kickboard drills to enhance leg strength and balance, catch-up drills to synchronize your arm movements, and finger-drag drills to improve stroke efficiency.
  4. Open Water Simulation – If possible, practice swimming in open water conditions to familiarize yourself with the challenges you may face during a triathlon. This could include swimming in a lake or the ocean, navigating around buoys, and sighting techniques to stay on course.

Cool Down: Active Recovery

After completing the main sets, it’s important to cool down properly. The cool-down phase helps your body recover and reduces the risk of muscle soreness. Here’s a simple cool-down routine to follow:

  1. Easy Swim – Swim at a relaxed pace for 5-10 minutes, allowing your heart rate to gradually return to normal.
  2. Stretching – Perform gentle stretches focusing on your shoulders, back, chest, and legs. Hold each stretch for 20-30 seconds without bouncing.


With the comprehensive triathlon swim workouts provided in this article, you can significantly improve your swimming abilities as a beginner.

Remember to prioritise technique, gradually increase your training intensity, and always listen to your body.

Consistency is key, so aim to incorporate these workouts into your training routine regularly. By following these guidelines, you’ll be well-prepared to tackle your triathlon swimming leg with confidence and achieve your personal best.

Happy swimming and good luck with your triathlon journey!

Note: Always consult with a professional coach or trainer before starting any new exercise regimen to ensure it aligns with your specific needs and abilities.

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The Perfect Triathlon Swimming Gear Checklist for Beginners

Having the right swimming gear can make a world of difference in your triathlon training and race performances.


In this article, I’ll provide you with a comprehensive checklist of essential swimming gear, tailored specifically for triathletes at every level. So, let’s dive in and get ready to conquer the water!

Table of Contents

The Basics: Swimwear and Goggles


When it comes to choosing swimwear, comfort and functionality are key.

Opt for a well-fitting swimsuit that allows for freedom of movement without causing any discomfort or chafing.

For men, Square cut briefs and “jammers” are popular choices, while women often prefer one-piece or two-piece suits. As swimwear is used exclusively for training, (tri suits are worn in the race) choose swimwear made of chlorine-resistant materials.

Remember, finding the right swimwear that makes you feel confident and comfortable is crucial for enjoyable swimming training.


Goggles are a triathlete’s best friend in the water. They protect your eyes from irritation and help you see clearly underwater.

When selecting goggles, consider both size and lens colour options.

Goggle Sizes

Goggles come in various sizes to accommodate different face shapes and sizes.

It’s essential to find a pair that fits snugly without feeling too tight or causing discomfort. Trying on different sizes and brands can help you find the perfect fit.

Lens Colour Options

Lens colour plays a significant role in enhancing your visibility and adapting to different lighting conditions.

Clear lenses are suitable for indoor pools or low-light conditions, while tinted lenses, such as blue or smoke, can reduce glare and improve visibility in outdoor settings.

Experiment with different lens colours to find the one that works best for you.

Enhanced Comfort and Speed: Wetsuits and Swim Caps


For open water swims, especially in colder temperatures, a wetsuit can provide both insulation and buoyancy. The specific type of wetsuit you choose may vary based on your experience level.


Novice Wetsuits

Novice triathletes may benefit from wetsuits that offer increased buoyancy and insulation, helping them maintain body temperature and improving their overall swimming experience.

Look for wetsuits with thicker neoprene material and additional buoyancy panels strategically placed around the core and legs.

Intermediate and Advanced Wetsuits

Intermediate and advanced athletes may prefer wetsuits that prioritise flexibility and hydrodynamics while still providing sufficient insulation.

These wetsuits often incorporate specialised panels, such as thinner neoprene on the arms and shoulders to enhance arm mobility and catch in the water.

Additionally, they may have textured forearm panels to improve propulsion during the swim stroke.

Swim Caps

Swim caps are not just for keeping your hair out of your face; they also improve hydrodynamics and reduce drag in the water and also add a layer of insulation. A brightly coloured swim cap will contribute to your safety by keeping you visible while swimming.

Swim Caps commonly come in materials such as silicone and latex, but neoprene versions are also available for cold-water swimming.

Choose a brightly coloured one that fits comfortably and stays securely in place during your swim particularly if you have longer hair, to prevent tangles and keep hair under control.

Navigating the Water: Swim Buoy and Navigation Tools

Safety Buoys

A safety buoy is a highly recommended safety device for open water swims. It enhances visibility and serves as a flotation aid if you need to take a quick rest during a long swim.


Safety buoys are typically bright in colour and can be easily strapped around your waist or attached to your leg.


It’s an essential tool that helps both beginner and experienced triathletes feel more secure in the water.

Fine-Tuning Your Technique: Pull Buoys and Swim Fins

Pull Buoys

A pull buoy is a fantastic training tool that helps improve your upper body strength and body position in the water.


By placing the buoy between your thighs, it helps you isolate your arm stroke, allowing you to focus on technique and arm strength.


Beginners and intermediate swimmers can benefit greatly from incorporating pull buoy exercises into their training routines.

Swim Fins

Swim fins, also known as flippers, are great for building leg strength and improving ankle flexibility. They provide additional propulsion in the water, allowing you to swim faster and increase your overall stamina.


Advanced swimmers often use swim fins during specific training sets to work on their kick technique and power. Just remember to start with shorter distances and gradually increase your usage to prevent strain or fatigue.

Other Swimming Training Tools


Kick Board



Investing in the right gear can significantly enhance your swimming experience and performance.

Whether you’re a beginner, intermediate, or advanced triathlete, the checklist provided here will ensure you have the essentials covered.


Experiment with different gear options, listen to your body, and most importantly, enjoy the process of improving your swim leg.

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How to Swim Faster in Triathlons: Tips and Techniques

The swim leg of a triathlon sets the tone for the entire race, and being able to swim faster not only boosts your confidence but also saves valuable time.


In this article, I will share valuable tips and techniques that can help novice, intermediate, and advanced triathletes improve their swimming speed and efficiency.


Whether you’re just starting out or aiming to shave precious seconds off your swim time, read on for expert advice and personal anecdotes.

Table of Contents

Focus on Technique:

Regardless of your level of experience, honing your swimming technique is vital for faster swim times. Technique is what allows you to glide effortlessly through the water and expend less energy. Here are some key tips for improving your swimming technique:

Novice Triathletes

Master the Basics:
As a novice triathlete, it’s essential to start with the fundamentals. Familiarise yourself with the following techniques:

  • Body Position: Maintain a horizontal body position in the water, with your hips and legs near the surface.
  • Breathing: Practice rhythmic breathing by exhaling steadily underwater and taking quick inhales as you rotate your head to the side.
  • Arm Stroke: Focus on a high elbow catch, pulling your arm through the water using your forearm and hand.
  • Kick: Develop a steady and controlled kick, generating propulsion without wasting energy.

Increase Swim Volume:

To build endurance and become comfortable in the water, aim to increase your swim volume gradually. Begin with shorter distances and gradually increase the duration of your swim workouts. Consistency is key, so try to swim at least two to three times a week.

Enhance Your Strength and Conditioning:

Improving your overall strength and conditioning can significantly impact your swimming performance. Here’s how to do it based on your level:

Intermediate Triathletes

Incorporate Strength Training:
As an intermediate triathlete, you can benefit from incorporating strength training into your routine. Focus on exercises that target your core, shoulders, and upper back, such as planks, push-ups, and lat pulldowns. Strengthening these areas improves stability and power during your swim strokes.


Interval Training:
Interval training involves alternating between high-intensity and low-intensity swimming. Incorporate intervals into your workouts by performing shorter bursts of intense swimming followed by active recovery periods. This method helps improve your cardiovascular fitness, speed, and endurance.

Advanced Triathletes

Incorporate Resistance Training:
For advanced triathletes, adding resistance training can provide an extra edge. Consider using resistance bands or a drag parachute during your swim workouts. These tools increase water resistance, forcing your muscles to work harder and promoting greater strength gains.


Fine-Tune Your Interval Training:
As an advanced triathlete, you can fine-tune your interval training by focusing on specific aspects of your swim technique. For example, you can dedicate intervals to improving your start, turns, or sprinting abilities. This targeted approach enhances your overall swim performance and efficiency.

Improve Your Mental Game:

Swimming faster in triathlons not only relies on physical skills but also on mental preparedness. Here’s how to improve your mental game at each level:

Novice, Intermediate, and Advanced Triathletes

Use visualization techniques to mentally rehearse your swim leg. Before the race, visualize yourself gliding effortlessly through the water, maintaining proper form, and achieving your desired swim time. This mental rehearsal helps build confidence and reduces race-day anxiety.


Breathing and Relaxation Techniques:
Practice deep breathing exercises to calm your mind and relax your body. Controlled breathing can help alleviate stress and improve focus during training and races. Incorporate breathing exercises into your pre-race warm-up routine to enhance relaxation and mental clarity.


Improving your swim speed in triathlons is an ongoing process that requires dedication, consistency, and a focus on technique.


Whether you’re a novice, intermediate, or advanced triathlete, the tips and techniques provided in this article can help you swim faster and more efficiently.


Remember, each small improvement adds up over time, so keep striving to enhance your swimming skills.


With practice and perseverance, you’ll be well on your way to achieving your swimming goals and conquering triathlons with greater confidence and success.

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Mastering Endurance Training for Swimming: A Guide for Triathletes and Open Water Swimmers

Swimming, being a highly demanding sport, requires athletes to possess exceptional endurance to excel.


Whether you’re a triathlete or an open-water swimmer, incorporating different types of endurance training into your regimen is vital for improving performance and achieving success.


In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the importance of diverse endurance swimming training methods, discuss the optimal frequency of sessions, delve into periodisation strategies, and provide sample training sessions for athletes at various skill levels.

Table of Contents

Importance of Different Types of Endurance Swimming Training

  1. Aerobic Capacity: Endurance training enhances your body’s ability to efficiently use oxygen, improving overall aerobic capacity. This increased capacity enables you to sustain intense effort for prolonged periods, resulting in enhanced performance.
  2. Mental Toughness: Long-distance swimming challenges both physical and mental endurance. Incorporating various training methods helps develop mental fortitude, enabling you to overcome fatigue and push through mental barriers during races or open water swims.
  3. Energy Systems Development: Different types of endurance training target specific energy systems, including the aerobic and anaerobic systems. By incorporating both types of training, you optimise the efficiency of these energy systems, leading to improved performance across varying distances and intensities.
  4. Muscle Adaptation: Endurance training promotes muscle adaptation by increasing capillary density, improving oxygen delivery, and enhancing the mitochondria’s ability to produce energy. This adaptation enhances muscular endurance and delays the onset of fatigue.

Optimal Frequency of Endurance Swimming Training

The frequency of endurance swimming training sessions per week depends on several factors, including your current fitness level, training goals, and competition schedule. As a general guideline:


  1. Novice Athletes: Start with two to three endurance swimming sessions per week, gradually increasing to four sessions as your fitness improves.
  2. Intermediate Athletes: Aim for four to five endurance swimming sessions per week, with a mix of longer and shorter sessions to enhance both aerobic and anaerobic capacities.
  3. Advanced Athletes: Engage in five to six endurance swimming sessions per week, focusing on longer and more intense workouts to push your limits and maintain peak performance.

Periodization of Endurance Swimming Training

Periodisation involves systematically structuring training throughout the year to optimise performance.


For endurance swimming, a periodised approach helps prevent burnout, allows for recovery, and ensures peak performance during key events. Here’s a suggested breakdown of the training year:


  1. Off-Season: Focus on building a solid aerobic base with low-intensity endurance sessions. Include technique work, cross-training, and strength training to improve overall fitness.
  2. Pre-Season: Increase training volume and intensity gradually to enhance both aerobic and anaerobic capacities. Introduce interval training, threshold workouts, and race-specific simulations.
  3. In-Season: Maintain fitness while emphasizing race-specific training. Include taper periods before important races to allow for recovery and peak performance.
  4. Post-Season: Reduce training volume and intensity, prioritise recovery, and focus on active rest. Engage in cross-training activities to maintain fitness without over stressing the body.

Sample Endurance Swimming Training Sessions

Novice Athlete:

  1. Long Aerobic Swim: Swim continuously for 45-60 minutes at a comfortable pace, focusing on maintaining proper technique and breathing rhythm.
  2. Interval Training: Swim 10 sets of 100 meters, alternating between a moderate pace and a slightly faster pace. Take 15-20 seconds rest between each set.

Intermediate Athlete:

  1. Threshold Swim: Perform 4 sets of 400 meters at a pace slightly faster than your race pace. Rest for 30 seconds between sets.
  2. Open Water Simulation: Swim 1-2 kilometres in open water conditions, mimicking race scenarios. Practice drafting, sighting, and maintaining a steady pace.

Advanced Athlete:

  1. Pyramid Set: Swim 200 meters, followed by 400 meters, then 600 meters, and finally 800 meters. Gradually increase the pace with each set, focusing on maintaining form.
  2. Race Pace Intervals: Swim 10 sets of 200 meters at your goal race pace, with 20 seconds rest between sets. Focus on maintaining consistent splits.


Endurance training is a cornerstone of success for triathletes and open-water swimmers. By incorporating various types of endurance swimming training, and optimising frequency and periodisation, athletes can develop the physical and mental attributes required to excel in their sport.


Whether you’re a novice, intermediate, or advanced athlete, these training strategies will help you reach new heights and achieve your goals in the water.

So dive in, embrace the challenge, and unlock your swimming potential through the power of endurance training.

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The Ultimate Guide to Tri-Suits: Which One is Right for You?

Triathlon is a demanding sport that requires athletes to compete in three different disciplines: swimming, cycling, and running. As a result, triathletes need specialised gear that can help them perform at their best in each discipline. One of the key pieces of gear that every triathlete needs is a tri-suit.


In this guide, we’ll take a closer look at the three main types of tri-suits: one-piece sleeved, one-piece non-sleeved, and two-piece tri-suits. We’ll discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type and help you determine which one is right for you based on your experience level and goals.

Table of Contents

One-Piece Sleeved Tri-Suits

One-piece sleeved tri-suits are becoming increasingly popular among triathletes. These suits offer many of the same benefits as one-piece non-sleeved suits but with the added advantage of improved aerodynamics and sun protection.


Sleeved tri-suits provide additional coverage and can help to keep athletes cool in hot weather conditions. They are also great for athletes who want to reduce drag and improve their overall performance.


One-piece sleeved tri-suits are a good choice for intermediate and advanced triathletes who are looking for a suit that provides additional performance benefits.


Some of the key benefits of one-piece sleeved tri-suits include:

  • Improved aerodynamics: The sleeves on these suits help to reduce drag and improve the athlete’s overall performance.
  • Sun protection: The additional coverage provided by the sleeves can help to protect the athlete’s skin from the sun’s harmful rays.
  • Additional cooling: The sleeves can help to keep the athlete cool in hot weather conditions.
  • Improved fit: The sleeves can help to improve the fit of the suit and reduce the risk of chafing.

One-Piece Non-Sleeved Tri-Suits

One-piece non-sleeved tri suits are the most commonly used type of suit in triathlon. These suits are designed to be worn throughout the entire race, eliminating the need for changing clothes between disciplines.


One-piece non-sleeved tri suits offer a streamlined fit and are available in many different styles and designs. They are a good choice for novice and intermediate triathletes, as they provide a good balance of comfort, performance, and affordability.


Some of the key benefits of one-piece non-sleeved tri-suits include:

  • Streamlined fit: These suits offer a tight, streamlined fit that can help to reduce drag and improve performance.
  • Affordability: One-piece non-sleeved tri-suits are generally less expensive than other types of tri-suits.
  • Lightweight: These suits are typically lightweight and breathable, which can help to keep the athlete cool during the race.
  • Versatility: One-piece non-sleeved tri-suits can be worn for both short and long-distance races.

Two-Piece Tri-Suits

Two-piece tri suits are another option for triathletes who prefer the flexibility of separate tops and bottoms. Men’s sleeveless tops are called tanks. Women’s sleeveless tops are called singlets. Sleeved tops are called jerseys (like cycling jerseys).


Two-piece tri suits are often more comfortable than one-piece suits and allow for more customization in terms of fit. They are not always less expensive than one-piece suits, however.


Two-piece tri suits are a good choice for novice triathletes who are looking for a comfortable and affordable option, as well as advanced triathletes who prefer the flexibility of two-piece suits. These suits are also a popular choice among ladies who find it easier when stopping for “bathroom breaks.”


Some of the key benefits of two-piece tri-suits include:

  • Flexibility: Two-piece tri-suits offer more flexibility and customization in terms of fit than one-piece suits.
  • Comfort: Two-piece tri-suits can be more comfortable than one-piece suits, especially for athletes who have a larger upper body or lower body.
  • Bathroom breaks: Two-piece tri-suits can make it easier for athletes to use the bathroom during the race.
  • Versatility: Two-piece tri-suits can be worn for both short and long-distance races.

When to Recommend Each Type of Tri-Suit

When recommending a tri-suit to your customers, it’s important to consider their experience level and goals.

One-Piece Non-Sleeved Tri-Suits

One-piece non-sleeved tri-suits are a good choice for novice and intermediate triathletes who are looking for a comfortable and affordable option. These suits usually offer a balance of comfort, performance, and affordability. They are also a popular choice for short-distance events.

One-Piece Sleeved Tri-Suits

One-piece sleeved tri-suits are a good choice for intermediate and advanced triathletes who are looking for a suit that provides additional performance benefits. These suits are great for athletes who want to reduce drag and improve their overall performance. They also offer improved sun protection and additional coverage.

Two-Piece Tri-Suits

Two-piece tri-suits are a good choice for novice triathletes who are looking for a comfortable and affordable option, as well as advanced triathletes who prefer the flexibility of two-piece suits. These suits are also a popular choice among ladies who find it easier when stopping for “bathroom breaks.”

When recommending a tri-suit, it’s also important to consider the type of race the athlete will be competing in and whether wetsuits are allowed. For example, one-piece non-sleeved tri-suits are a popular choice for short-distance events where wetsuits are not permitted due to high water temperatures. Two-piece tri-suits are a good choice for athletes who want more flexibility and customization in terms of fit.


Choosing the right tri-suit is an essential decision for any triathlete. By understanding the advantages and disadvantages of each type of suit and considering your experience level and goals, you can make an informed decision and find the perfect tri-suit for your needs.


When choosing a suit, consider factors like comfort, affordability, performance, and your experience level. Additionally, consider the type of race you will be competing in and whether wetsuits are allowed. With this information, you will be able to choose a suit that matches your needs and helps you perform at your best.


We hope that this ultimate guide to tri-suits has been helpful in finding the perfect tri-suit for your needs. Happy training!

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How do I choose the right triathlon wetsuit?

Triathlons are challenging events that require participants to swim, bike, and run multiple kilometers.


For the swimming portion, a wetsuit can be a valuable tool for athletes. Wetsuits offer many benefits, including improved buoyancy, enhanced warmth, and reduced drag.


However, choosing the right wetsuit can be overwhelming, especially for novice athletes.


In this article, we will provide guidance on how to select the right wetsuit for triathlon training and racing.

Table of Contents

Benefits and Advantages of Using a Wetsuit for Triathlon

Wetsuits provide several advantages for triathletes, including:


A wetsuit’s design provides extra buoyancy, which helps keep the athlete’s body higher in the water. This reduces the amount of energy needed to swim, making it easier to maintain a steady pace throughout the swim portion.


Open-water swimming can be cold, and a wetsuit can help keep the athlete warm. The neoprene material used in wetsuits traps a thin layer of water between the athlete’s body and the suit. This water is then heated by the body, creating a warm layer around the athlete.

Better Body Position

A wetsuit’s design helps streamline the athlete’s body, reducing drag in the water. This makes it easier to swim faster and more efficiently, conserving energy for the other portions of the triathlon.

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Choosing the Right Wetsuit

Choosing the right wetsuit can be challenging, but there are several factors to consider when making a selection.

Novice Athletes

For novice athletes, it’s important to choose a wetsuit that is easy to put on and take off. A full-sleeved wetsuit is recommended, as it provides the most warmth and buoyancy. Look for a wetsuit with a thickness of around 3mm, as this provides enough buoyancy without feeling too restrictive.

Intermediate Athletes

Intermediate athletes can look for wetsuits with more advanced features, such as reduced drag coatings and improved flexibility. A thinner wetsuit, around 2mm, can be used for warmer water temperatures.

Advanced Athletes

Advanced athletes may want to consider a wetsuit with the most advanced features, such as textured panels to reduce drag and increase flexibility. Thinner wetsuits, around 1-2mm, can be used for warmer water temperatures.

Precautions When Using and Maintaining a Wetsuit

To ensure the longevity of your wetsuit, it’s important to take proper care of it.


Here are some precautions to keep in mind:

Don’t Pull on the Neoprene

The neoprene material used in wetsuits can be delicate, so it’s important not to pull on it when putting on or taking off the wetsuit. Instead, use the seams and handles provided on the suit.

Rinse with Fresh Water

After each use, rinse your wetsuit with fresh water to remove any salt or chlorine. This will help prevent the suit from deteriorating over time.

Store Properly

When not in use, store your wetsuit inside out in a cool, dry place. Avoid storing it in direct sunlight or near any heat sources.


Choosing the right wetsuit for triathlon training and racing can be overwhelming, but by considering your skill level and the features of the wetsuit, you can find the perfect suit for your needs. Remember to take proper care of your wetsuit to ensure it lasts for multiple triathlons.

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How do I know if I am training at the right heart rate?

When it comes to training, it is important to make sure you are working at the right intensity.


One way to measure this is by monitoring your heart rate. Your heart rate is a reflection of how hard your body is working, and by knowing your target heart rate, you can optimize your workouts to achieve your fitness goals.


But how do you know if you are training at the right heart rate?



Firstly, it is important to understand the concept of maximum heart rate (MHR). MHR is the highest heart rate you can achieve during exercise. It is different for everyone and can be influenced by factors such as age, gender, and fitness level as well as the sports you are performing. (The maximum heart rate for swimming is lower than cycling, cycling is lower than running.)


To estimate your MHR, subtract your age from 220. A more accurate method of calculating your maximum heart rate is to perform a maximum heart rate field test.


Once you have calculated your MHR, you can calculate your training intensity heart rate zones 

These are the ranges of heart rate that you should aim to stay within during specific training sessions. 

The American Heart Association recommends that adults aim for a target heart rate of between 50% and 85% of their MHR, depending on their fitness goals. It is far more beneficial to have your coach set specific sessions with specific goals. 


To make sure you are training at the right heart rate, you can use a heart rate monitor. 

These devices measure your heart rate in real-time and can help you stay within your target heart rate zone. There are many different types of heart rate monitors available, ranging from simple chest strap monitors to more advanced watches that can track your heart rate, calories burned, and more.


It is important to note that everyone’s body is different, and what works for one person may not work for another. It is a good idea to experiment with different heart rate zones and see how your body responds. If you find that you are struggling to maintain your target heart rate zone, it may be a sign that you need to adjust your intensity level.


In conclusion, monitoring your heart rate during exercise is a great way to ensure you are training at the right intensity.


By measuring your MHR and calculating your target heart rate zones, using a heart rate monitor, and paying attention to your perceived exertion, you can optimize your workouts to achieve your fitness goals. 

Remember to listen to your body and make adjustments as needed.

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What should I eat before and after MAF endurance training sessions?

MAF-based training is a training method that focuses on enhancing fat-burning during exercise by keeping your heart rate within a specific range.


This type of training can help improve endurance, and it is essential to fuel your body correctly before and after these sessions to optimize performance and recovery.


Here are some suggestions for what to eat before and after MAF-based training sessions:

Before MAF-based training

It’s essential to eat a balanced meal or snack before your MAF-based training session to ensure that you have enough energy to complete the workout.


Here are some things to consider when choosing what to eat:


  • Carbohydrates: Your body uses carbohydrates as its primary source of fuel during high-intensity exercise. Eating a meal or snack that is low in carbohydrates can help prevent your blood sugar from rising too high and short-circuiting the fat-burning mechanism for energy production to power you through your workout.
  • Protein: Protein is essential for muscle repair and recovery. Eating a meal or snack that includes protein can help reduce muscle damage and soreness after your MAF-based training session.
  • Timing: It’s best to eat a meal or snack about 30 minutes to an hour before your MAF-based training session. Eating too close to your workout may cause digestive discomfort during your workout.

Some examples of meals or snacks to eat before your MAF-based training session include:

  • Double Fat Greek yoghurt with berries
  • Whole-grain toast with avocado and cheese
  • Brown rice with grilled chicken and vegetables

After MAF-based training

After your MAF-based training session, it’s essential to refuel your body with the nutrients it needs to recover and repair.


Here are some things to consider when choosing what to eat:


  • Carbohydrates: Eating carbohydrates after your workout can help replenish your body’s glycogen stores, which can become depleted during exercise.
  • Protein: Eating protein after your workout can help repair and rebuild muscle tissue that may have been damaged during your workout.
  • Timing: It’s best to eat a meal or snack within 30 minutes to an hour after your MAF-based training session to optimize recovery.

Some examples of meals or snacks to eat after your MAF-based training session include:

  • Turkey and cheese sandwich on whole-grain bread
  • Protein shake with full-fat milk
  • Grilled salmon with sweet potato and vegetables


Fueling your body correctly before and after your MAF-based training sessions is essential for optimal performance and recovery.


Eating a balanced meal or snack that is low in carbohydrates and contains protein and fat before your workout can regulate your blood sugar allowing you to use more body fat for the energy you need to power through your workout.


Eating some carbohydrates with protein and fat after your workout can help replenish your body’s glycogen stores and repair muscle tissue. Remember to eat within 30 minutes to an hour of your workout to optimize recovery.

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The top 10 questions asked about MAF endurance training.